This year for the fifth time the Institute’s organic potato on-farm experiment’s producers met on December 9, 2015 in Gödöllő. The end-of-year evaluation event, usual to the season-closing, was open to others besides the participants as well. This year there were 32 participants of which 11 were expert advisers.
One of the main goals of the event was to introduce the results of the on-farm experiment. In the 2015 production season, at 11 organic production facilities four different types of mid-season potatoes were tested, and three early-season types in perforated-foil production. These results were explained by Orsolya Papp, the Institute’s horticultural expert.
We examined the properties of the three varieties utilized in the early-season variety experiment – these were the Hungarian varieties Balatoni Rózsa, Pannónia and Botond. Average production yield in each case excelled two kilograms per square meter, and the rate of flaws detected was under 4 percent on average in the examined samples. Among the flaws detected the most frequent was the presence of pox. The mid-season crop experiment tested Démon, Arany Chipke, Barna and Shannon varieties. Average production yields here also exceeded two kilograms per square meter, and the percentage of flaws was the lowest this year of the four years of the experiment. The most typical flaw encountered was blight.
The Institute’s further research also included presentations by Barbara Mirek Cseperkáló, who introduced her national-scale on-farm research on tomato varieties. Mihály Földi showed his on-farm field experiments with wheat, spelt, einkorn and emmer.
After the lunch break, Gergely Lantos – deputy director of the Prime Minister’s EMVA Strategic Directorate – arrived to give a detailed presentation about projected subsidies available early next year for developments in horticulture and irrigation development, as well as producer cooperation and encouraging shortened supply chains. This was followed by a vigorous discussion and debate about each potential funding area. Among other topics the support of research and development also was mentioned in connection with the already-realized experiments done in cooperation with the producers.
In the second half of the afternoon in the framework of a workshop the producers and the Institute’s staff discussed the possibility of continuing the potato production experiments. In reviewing the achievements of the last four years it could be agreed that we have managed to select those domestic resistant types that can be successfully utilized in organic production. With these types it is worth going further in the direction of further developing production technologies. The producers were the most interested in fertilization, rational use of fertilizer, and the appropriate maintenance of soil conditions, so ostensibly, further research will be done in these areas in the future.